What Is a Colposcopy?

A colposcopy is a simple gynecological procedure that allows your physician to closely examine your cervix for abnormalities or signs of disease. This procedure is performed using a magnifying instrument called a colposcope. Your physician may recommend a colposcopy if you have abnormal pap smear results or any abnormalities are detected during a routine pelvic examination.

    A colposcopy can diagnose:

Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Genital warts
Cervical cancer, vaginal cancer, or vulvar cancer
Precancerous changes of the cervix, vagina, or vulva

How Is a Colposcopy Performed?

A colposcopy is a quick procedure that is similar to a pelvic exam. A physician uses a speculum to apply a special solution to the cervix. This solution provides better visibility of the cervix for examination purposes. If abnormalities are detected during your colposcopy, a cervical biopsy may need to be performed.

What Is a Cervical Biopsy?

During your colposcopy, your physician will look for precancerous, abnormal cells in the tissue of your cervix. If your physician finds any suspicious abnormalities, they may choose to perform a biopsy to make a diagnosis. A cervical biopsy is not mandatory when performing a colposcopy, but it is up to the discretion of each physician. A biopsy uses a small, sharp instrument to collect a sample of the abnormal area. A cervical biopsy may cause mild discomfort, similar to menstrual cramping or pressure. The collected sample is examined to determine if there are any reasons for concern or if further treatment is necessary.

Contact Telluride Regional Medical Center

Telluride Regional Medical Center provides a wide range of women’s health services. Our healthcare professionals provide compassionate, comprehensive care to best support you. Choose a physician that listens and seeks to understand your unique healthcare needs by contacting Telluride Regional Medical Center near you and scheduling an appointment today.

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